Northwest Passage Transit History

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YearVessel NameVessel TypeFlagMaster's NameDirectionRouteNotes
1903-06Gjøa21 m auxiliary sloopNorway1Roald Engelbregt Gra...West4Wintered twice ...
1940-42St Roch129∙7 m RCMP auxiliary schoonerCanada1Henry Asbjørn Larsen1East6Wintered at Wal...
1944St Roch2RCMP auxiliary schoonerCanada2Henry Asbjørn Larsen2West2Return voyage f...
1954HMCS LabradoricebreakerCanada3Owen Connor Struan R...West2First continuou...
1957USCGC Bramblebuoy tenderUnited States1Henry Hart CarterEast6 
1957USCGC Sparbuoy tenderUnited States2Charles Vinal CowingEast6 
1957USCGC StorisicebreakerUnited States3Harold Lambert WoodEast6Travelled in co...
1967CCGS John A. McDonaldicebreakerCanada4Paul Moise FournierWest3Assisted USCGC ...
1969USCGC Northwind1icebreakerUnited States4Donald J. McCann1East5 
1969USCGC Northwind2icebreakerUnited States5Donald J. McCann2West3Earliest return...
1969USCGC Staten IslandicebreakerUnited States6Eugene F. WalshEast2Escorted oil ta...
1970CSS Baffinresearch icebreakerCanada5Paul M. BrickEast2 
1970CSS Hudson1research icebreakerCanada6David W. ButlerEast2Hudson made the...
1975Pandora II1hydrographic research vesselCanada7R. DickinsonEast7 
1975Thetaresearch vesselCanada8K. MaroEast7Traveled in com...
1975CSS Skidgatebuoy tenderCanada9Peter KallisEast6 
1976CCGS J. E. Bernier1icebreakerCanada10Paul PellandEast3 
1977Williwaw13 m sloopNetherlands1Willy de RoosWest4Single-handed a...
1978CCGS Pierre RadissonicebreakerCanada11Patrick Robert Micha...East2 
1976-79J. E. Bernier II10 m ketchCanada12Réal BouvierWest4Wintered in Hol...
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Notes: Transit data courtesy of R.K. Headland of the Scott Polar Research Institute at the University of Cambridge.
Footnote numbers and route maps are coming soon.
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